International Journal of Biotechnology Research
Academe Research Journals (ARJ) adheres and requires all authors to strictly adhere to the ethical standards as prescribed by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and abides by its Code of Conduct and aims to adhere to its Best Practice Guidelines.
ARJ is committed to publishing only innovative and original material, i.e., material that has neither been published elsewhere, nor is it under consideration for publication by another publisher. So, it is of huge significance if authors avoid the following ethical violations:
Data Fabrication and Falsification
Data fabrication and falsification means the researcher did not really carry out the study, but made up data or results and had recorded or reported the fabricated information. ARJ will follow the COPE guidelines in suspected cases of fabrication and falsification of data.
Plagiarism is intentionally using someone else’s ideas or other original material as if they are one's own. Submitted manuscripts should be the original works of the author(s). Making use of someone else’s work without proper citation is considered by ARJ as plagiarism.
Simultaneous submission occurs when a manuscript (or substantial sections from a manuscript) is submitted to a journal when it is already under consideration by another journal.
Duplicate publication occurs when two or more papers, without full cross referencing, share essentially the same hypotheses, data, discussion points, and conclusions.
Improper Author Contribution or Attribution
All listed authors must have made a significant scientific contribution to the research in the manuscript and approved all its claims. It is paramount to list everyone who made a significant scientific contribution, including students and laboratory technicians.
Citation manipulation includes excessive citations, in the submitted manuscript, that do not contribute to the scholarly content of the article and have been included solely for the purpose of increasing citations to a given author’s work, or to articles published in a particular journal. Authors should use only citations that are relevant to their manuscripts. Addition of references which are not relevant to the work is strongly discouraged.
It must be stated categorically that ARJ will, in no way, condole any of the following because they are unethical:
- Irrelevant self citation to increase one’s citation.
- Unnecessary citation of articles for the sole purpose of increasing the articles’ citation.
- Unnecessary citation of articles from a particular journal to increase the journal’s citation.
In cases where the violations of the above policies are found to be outstandingly bad, the publisher reserves the right to take measures to curb the violations.